“Networked Transport of RTCM via Internet Protocol,” or NTRIP, is…
A protocol developed by the Federal Agency for Cartography and Geodesy of Germany (B.K.G.) around late 2004 that enables streaming of DGPS or RTK correction data via the internet over common TCP/IP methods. Here are some more informal definitions:
- Now that we all have cell phones that support TCP/IP, the preferred way to send DGPS correctional data to your rover without having to set up a bunch of costly local short range radios…
- Now a broadly supported standard (published by RTCM), NTRIP has grown over the past decade to become the most popular method to distribute GNSS corrections of all time…
- The best thing since sliced bread….
The combination of the NTRIP protocol, the RTCM SC104 messages, and RINEX file format has served to open up the industry of GNSS to a much wider range of practitioners while lowering costs to achieve RTK performance dramatically. Combined with a growing availability of various practical open source GNSS software, RTK navigation with its inherent 100x increase in accuracy is quickly becoming a necessary commodity in many business sectors.
As you read about NTRIP (see the list below), you will often see variations of the below image used to explain the major component of any NTRIP system. SNIP is an NTRIP caster, which allows you to set up your own network consisting of the data sources you provide (various NTRIP Servers and other sources) to your end users, the NTRIP Clients. These GNSS clients, making use of the corrections SNIP provides, can then achieve the normal ~2 cm accuracy associated with RTK navigation, or with whatever other filters they implement.
Here are a few very good summary articles on NTRIP and how it is used to get corrections to the rover devices in the field. Many commercial firms, including those below, provide or sell Client software which works with SNIP or other Casters.
Hint: Interested in the details? The official RTCM standard is a standard which you must purchase (it is available from RTCM), but here is a freely available link to the prestandardized version maintained by BKG which will likely serve to answer any initial technical questions you may have.
Any list of NTRIP educational materials will omit worthy articles; please add a comment with a suitable link if we have missed a good one so we can add it.
Need an NTRIP Caster? We suggest you use SNIP.
Need an NTRIP Client? Here is a list of popular software.